Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) encompass a range of treatment options that have helped many couples successfully start or grow their families. Since it can be challenging to become accustomed to the scientific terminology associated with fertility, it’s recommended that you and your partner consult a physician at an infertility clinic to determine which option is best for you. Expect your infertility physician to lay out all of your options, explain the terminology and the procedures, and begin devising your tailored treatment plan.
In Vitro Fertilization-Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET)
IVF-ET is a time-tested technology that your infertility physician may recommend. If either you or your partner is biologically female, one of you may choose to undergo ovarian stimulation, followed by egg retrieval, which is a straightforward surgical procedure. Otherwise, you may choose to use donor eggs. The eggs are inseminated and fertilized in a laboratory, and you may use donor sperm or sperm from yourself or your partner. Once the eggs are fertilized, they are referred to as embryos. After waiting several days for the embryos to grow, they are transferred to the uterus of a female partner. If both you and your partner are male, you may choose to use a surrogate.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
A frozen embryo transfer is almost exactly like an IVF procedure. However, frozen eggs are used – either from a donor or from a previous egg retrieval performed on the female partner. The eggs are prepared in the laboratory and then transferred to the uterus.
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
If you or your partner is female, your infertility physician might recommend trying a gamete intrafallopian transfer. Unlike IVF-ET, fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes, rather than in the laboratory. After performing egg retrieval (or obtaining donor eggs), the infertility doctor combines the eggs with the sperm and immediately transfers them into the fallopian tube.
For more information on assisted reproductive technologies, please schedule a consultation with Dallas IVF. Our knowledgeable and friendly infertility specialists are happy to explain all of your options and answer all of your questions. You can reach us at (469) 287-8179 or visit our website to view our services, including IVF treatment.